Periostitis is the severe gum disease that means the inflammatory process in the periosteum or the jawbone. It is characterized by the severe toothache and gum edema so strong that it distorts the face contour. It required immediate medical help. Otherwise, the disease progresses very fast, the pain increases and the purulent tumor is getting bigger. The fever is stable; the infection spreads all over the nearer tissues. In the most difficult cases, the end is blood contamination and death. That is why it is very important to treat periostitis immediately.
The symptoms of the disease may vary depending on the age of the patient, his or her individual organism peculiarities, and also stage and form of the disease. Still, in most of the cases, there is a list of symptoms distinct enough to diagnose periostits. These are:
- It can spread over the ear, eye or temple. The pain is so severe that it even does not allow the patient to open the mouth properly and limits the movements of the jaw.
- The tooth is pathologically movable.
- The gum and lips are swollen. Very often, the face features are distorted by the swell.
- The vessels of the mouth mucosa are overfilled with blood and it looks hyperemic.
- The purulent tumor (abscess) development.
- The increasing of lymph nodes’ size and density.
- The typical feelings of sickness – fever, weakness, headache etc.
Sometimes the pus from the tumor comes out into the mouth. The pain is becoming less in that case. Unlike pulpitis and periodontitis, the periostitis always distorts the facial contours of the patient. It can be seen more or less distinctly, but this symptom is always present. In most of the cases, the disease develops after overcooling, overheating or stress.
The diagnostic of periostitis includes visual examination, X-ray and blood analysis. It is very important to remove the abscess, if necessary, and to appoint antibiotics in case of the purulent process development.