Nowadays there are plenty of different ways to correct an abnormal bite. Modern orthodontics is able to cope with the most difficult cases. Dental braces and aligners can correct even crooked teeth of an adult patient. However, the pathology can be so severe that even they can be helpless.
In such cases, only a radical treatment will help. This is the corrective jaw surgery – a surgical intervention over the upper and lower jaws. Its goals are numerous and are very important in solving the problems that a patient with a severe bite pathology may face.
Goals of the Corrective Jaw Surgery
- Correcting malocclusion
- Restoring face proportions
- Restoring the chewing function
- Correcting speech
- Improving the respiratory function
- Treating dyspnea and snore
Corrective jaw surgery is able to help a patient solve all these problems by correcting the size, position, shape, and correlation between the jaws.
Appointments for Corrective Jaw Surgery
- Dental anomalies caused by the developmental disproportion of the jaws
- Consequences of low-quality treatment of congenital defects
- Abnormal development of the jaws that have caused significant size disproportion
Contraindications to the Corrective Jaw Surgery
- Minor age
- Non-prepared teeth rows
- Systemic diseases (diabetes, infections, blood clotting disorders etc.)
It is important to understand that this operation will correct issues with the bite, but not the wrong position of the teeth. It is a correction of skeletal deformations only. Moreover, the surgery cannot be applied if the teeth are in the wrong position. Therefore, preparation of the teeth requires correcting all the defects in the teeth rows.
The Preparation Period
If you not only have the wrong bite but crooked teeth, you will have to straighten them before the operation with the help of dental braces or aligners. If you have teeth missing, you will have to restore them with the help of dental implants or other option your dentist may recommend.
Operation and Rehabilitation
The operation may take from 1 to 6 hours. The postop period is usually long and difficult. There is an antibiotic therapy appointed to prevent infectious complications. A bandage must stay on during the first day after surgery.
The wired shut jaws after the operation require a caring attitude and certain restrictions. You will have to avoid blowing your nose, opening your mouth wide, and even chewing. The food you are allowed to consume during this period shouldn’t require any effort from your healing jaws. Maybe you will even have to use a syringe in the first 4-6 weeks.
Such diets can affect your digestion, this is why it is crucial to enrich your daily menu with fiber and to stay hydrated. There can be side effects in the postop period including bleeding from the surgical sites, swelling, and nausea. Contact your tooth surgeon if they are too intense or you have any concerns.