Peripheral arterial disease, or PAD, is quite widely spread pathology that may occur because of various reasons. No matter what was the provoking factor, the progressing of disease always goes the same way. The vessels involved into its process are slowly getting narrower. In case when the proper treatment does not perform, the development of disease leads to the full occlusion of the vessels. It causes ischemia of the tissues they supposed to nourish.
The provoking factors of PAD development are:
- Chronic stress
- Lack of physical activity.
- Unhealthy food.
- Overweight (in women often develops because of polycystic ovarian syndrome).
- Arterial hypertension.
- Lipid and carb metabolism dysfunction.
The most common forms of peripheral arterial damage are obliterating disease of lower limbs. Almost 5% of men and women in the age of 44-74 suffer from it. But mostly then have no idea about having the disease until it seriously develops. With time the feeling of discomfort grows. The pain in legs appears and walking on a long distances becomes difficult. A person needs to stop frequently.
These are the warning symptoms that should not be left without attention. The earlier PAD treatment begins, the more successful it will be. If neglected, the disease can even lead to a loss of limb, so the measures must be taken in time.
The severe forms of leg arterial obliterating disease are characterized by ulcers appearance. They can develop into gangrene that requires limb amputation. The disease also influence life expectancy, making it 10 years shorter than of healthy people.
PAD, if diagnosed on its earlier stage, can be treated with conservative methods. In more difficult cases the surgical intrusion is required. Surgeons are using different reconstruction technique, using interventional (endovascular) technologies. Amputation is the measure to take when disease went so severe that any reconstruction methods would be useless.