There are different types of tattoos and this gives rise to the probability of a single laser not being able to remove all the tattoos. Some of the major types of tattoos are:
- Professional tattoos: They are applied to the deeper layer of the dermis and require repeated treatment to remove
- Amateur tattoos: They are superficially applied by the use of handheld devices and can be removed easily. They also fade easily
- Cosmetic tattoos: These are also called permanent makeup and are difficult to remove due to the presence of iron oxides as well as titanium dioxides
- Traumatic tattoos: They are made to hide some injury and can also be hard to remove.
As you can see from the above list, different types of tattoos have a different level of removal difficulty and thus, under no circumstance can one laser be effective for removing all the tattoos. As a result, we shall look at some of the major lasers used in tattoo removal.
Some of the Effective Lasers for Tattoo Removal:
In choosing the type of laser to use on a client, the skin type should be the major element to put into consideration. Some of the available lasers are:
- Ruby lasers: This laser has a large spot which makes it effective for darker tattoos like those inked with blue or black colors. It’s also effective in green tattoos. The laser has a wavelength of 694 nanometers. Due to the increased absorption of shorter wavelength, the rate of melanin cells destruction during a tattoo removal is highest with this type of laser. It causes the greatest level of Hypopigmentation.
- ND: YAG lasers: Most of the Quality Switched ND: YAG lasers have a wavelength of either 1064 nm or 532 nm. The Q-switching technology means the laser is able to produce short pulses of high-intensity beams. The 1064 nm laser is effective in removing black and blue tattoos. On the other hand, the 532 nm lasers are effective in removing the red and orange lasers.
- Alexandrite lasers: This is a laser that uses alexandrite crystals as the medium or laser source. It produces a wavelength of 755 nm and is considered a red laser. Alexandrite lasers are very precise and hardly do they damage the surrounding areas. It’s an effective laser in removing blue, black, and green pigments in a tattoo.
- Carbon dioxide lasers: Cosmetic tattoos are some of the hardest tattoos to remove because they contain some iron oxides and they can turn black when exposed to some quality switched lasers. These types of tattoos might require the use of some ablative lasers like the CO2 laser.
- Picoseconds laser: All the above-discussed tattoo removal lasers are a bit ancient and face the risk of being wiped out by the newest technology of Pico lasers. These lasers are more effective due to their short pulses. These new technology lasers are effective on dark skins as well as on multicolored tattoos. In both cases, 75% efficiency was obtained after 2 or 3 treatments.
In order for the above-mentioned lasers to work effectively, you will need to put certain measures into consideration. There are many steps to take before a laser tattoo removal but rather than guessing on what to do and not do, it’s advisable to discuss the point with your doctor.
Wrap up on Effective Tattoo Lasers:
Tattoo removal has graduated from ancient times when dermabrasion was the main way of removing tattoos. The advancement in technology brought about the quality switched lasers which were effective in removing tattoos since not many side effects were experienced. However, these lasers require many sessions to completely erase the tattoo. As a result, the Picosure lasers were developed and these are the latest lasers in tattoo removal.