The cervical cancer is the second of the most frequent oncological diseases in women’s intimate sphere. The first place belongs to the endometrium cancer. The disease never develops in the unchanged epithelium. There are always the pre-cancer pathological changes in it. The modern scientists proved that 90% of the cervical cancer are provoked by the papilloma virus. This virus can also become the reason of dysplasia of the cervical epithelium. The absence of timely treatment makes this state transform into the cancer. It is important to know that any stage of the cervical cancer is possible to treat successfully.
Most of the patients have no complaints or symptoms that may warn about the developing disease. Usually it is diagnosed eventually in the process of cytological examination. Colposcopy is also an effective means of diagnostic. It allows doctor to examine the cervix in detail and diagnose the 90% of dysplasia cases. Its task is also to perform targeted cervix biopsy of the pathologically changed pars of the epithelium to confirm the supposed diagnosis. That is why it is very important to visit gynecologist regularly.
No matter what are the results of the cytological examination, if there is a chance of cancer, all the changed parts undergo biopsy. One of the methods of examination is also a computer tomography.
The treatment of cervical cancer depends on its stage. The surgical intrusion in young women is performed with maximum attempt to save her reproductive functions. The radiation can be an independent means of treatment of the additional one appointed after the operation. The other treatment methods are targeted on the treatment of different disease symptoms that bring discomfort and worsen the quality of life.
Besides the papilloma virus, the additional factors of the cervical cancer development are smoking, bacterial infections, asthenic syndrome, HIV-infection.